Can you afford to own a pet? To find out, you need to figure out how much owning a pet really costs.
The topic is close to my heart. I’m obsessed with our family four-year-old golden retriever, DiMaggio, and I’d love to have a dog of my own in the near future. Practically, however, I’m not sure when I’ll be able to afford it.
As we previously published, according to a report by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), the costs of owning a pet can add up. Here’s what they estimate a cat or medium dog will cost in the first year:
- Spaying or Neutering: Dog: $200 / Cat: $145 Initial
- Medical Exam: Dog: $70 / Cat: $130
- Collar or Leash: Dog: $30 / Cat: $10
- Litter Box: Cat: $25
- Scratching Post: Cat: $15
- Crate: Dog: $95
- Carrying Crate: Dog: $60 / Cat: $40
- Training: Dog: $110
- Total One-time Costs: Dog: $565 / Cat: $365
- Food: Dog: $120/ Cat: $145
- Annual Medical Exams: Dog: $235 / Cat: $130
- Litter: Cat: $200
- Toys and Treats: Dog: $55 / Cat: $25
- License: Dog: $15
- Pet Health Insurance: Dog: $225 / Cat: $175
- Miscellaneous: Dog: $45 / Cat: $30
- Total Annual Costs: Dog: $695 / Cat: $705
In the 2008 post on this topic, animal-loving readers had some passionate opinions about the subject.
Reader “Willfe” said he thought some of the averages were too high. His cats’ food costs about $72 per year, he said, even though it’s name brand. He also suggested buying litter in bulk, which he said could lower that amount as much as $50 per year.
Another reader, “Amy,” said she is part of the “frequent buyer” program at her pet store, so she is able to get the tenth bag of dog or cat food for free.
On the other hand, some readers pointed out there are occasional surprise costs associated with pets — and not a good kind of surprise. These additional fees could be significantly higher than the estimates.
“Livingalmostlarge” said he spends $30 per month on Heartguard and flea/tick medication.
“Meg” suggested there might be some opportunity costs associated with pet ownership.
“Many of my coworkers have to take long lunches and frequently miss office happy hours to go home and walk their dogs. I also see people in suits frantically walking their dogs in the morning by my building, late for work. Not something I’m ready to deal with yet,” she wrote.
“Funny about Money” said since pets cause damage at times, replacing your stuff should be factored in, too.
“Carpets ruined or at least in need of professional cleaning and de-stinking, furniture clawed, doors scratched up, flower and vegetable gardens unearthed, window screens ripped, draperies sprayed upon….eeek!” she wrote.
How to prepare for the unexpected
Kiplinger recently published an article on this topic, the hidden and unexpected costs of owning a pet. The authors suggest putting away an emergency fund for unexpected pet health costs: “Owners will likely incur at least one $2,000 – $4,000 bill for emergency care at some point during their pet’s lifetime”, says Dr. Louise Murray, vice-president of the ASPCA’s Bergh Memorial Animal Hospital, in New York City.
In our case, that’s already been true. When he was two, DiMaggio almost died of a mysterious bacterial infection in his brain. When we thought we might lose him, we would have paid anything to make him better. Luckily, he pulled through. But between his medication and time in the pet hospital, the illness cost us several thousand dollars.
We’ve also had to pay for either a kennel or similar service when we go on vacations. I guess that’s somewhat expected, but in a given year, it’s hard to budget for that.
Four tips for would-be pet owners
What should we learn from this? Like a lot of things, the costs of pet ownership are unpredictable. As much as we can estimate cost for a year, it’s better to have a safety net in case of a major illness or other emergency. Here are a few steps for making sure you can afford to own a pet:
1. Figure out how monthly expenses will affect your budget.
Are you currently overspending in some area (eating at restaurants, indulging a shoe passion, maybe) where you can cut back? Is that worth it to you? If the answer is “no,” you probably aren’t willing to make the sacrifices necessary to keep a pet happy and healthy.
2. Set aside between $1,000 and $2,000, or a portion of your emergency fund for that unexpected vet bill.
Don’t just say, “It would never happen to me.” We didn’t think it would happen to us either. But as the Kiplinger article says, it is almost definite that every pet during its lifetime will have a major vet bill. Setting aside the funds for that is not optional!
3. Consider how you will feel if you are faced with a life-saving vet bill you can’t really afford before it happens.
If you don’t, you may be faced with a Sophie’s choice between your pet’s life and being able to pay the rent next month. Don’t put yourself in this position; it’s not fair to you, nor your future furry friend.
4. If you’re worried about not being able to afford big vet bills, consider pet insurance.
My family did not purchase pet insurance, but in hindsight we probably should have. When you visit your local vet, he or she will likely have a lot of information for you about purchasing the insurance, but do your own research: Some pet insurance plans are much better than others, and you want to know what you’re buying.
At the risk of sounding like my mom when we begged for a dog as kids, owning a pet is a significant financial responsibility. It’s not a decision to be made on a whim.
What about you? Do you have a tip for saving money throughout your pet’s life? When were you ready to afford your first pet? What is your largest pet expense?