In many parts of the country, the real estate market seems to be rebounding. For the first time in a long time, homebuyers may have to be competitive to snag a new house, which will drive real estate prices up.
If you’re a prospective first-time home buyer, you face the first of many tough decisions: Do you buy a starter home now or save up until you can afford your “forever” home?
Now, everyone will have different ideas of what constitutes a starter home. Indeed, one person’s starter home may be a house another family is happy to own indefinitely.
But in general, a starter home is something you’d be happy living in for around five years even if you know you’ll outgrow it. A forever home, on the other hand, is one that you could potentially see yourself living in for the rest of your life, or at least the next 20 or 30 years. This means it meets most, if not all, the criteria of your dream home: the right location, the right size, and all of the extras.
What it comes down to, of course, is money.
The starter home
The term starter home always conjures up images in my mind of construction debris falling on Tom Hanks in “The Money Pit.” But starter home and “fixer-upper” don’t have to be synonymous. A starter home may simply be a small home or condo that you can afford now — with or without making some improvements.
There are benefits to buying a starter home now rather than waiting for years to buy a forever home. First of all, interest rates are at historic lows. Yes, they may be low next year or the year after that, but then again, they may not be low. A good mortgage rate isn’t everything, but your rate will impact your monthly payment and how much you’ll pay in interest over the life of the loan.
Another consideration is the inventory of houses on the market, which is low right now. Ideally you want to buy a property that will appreciate (or at least hold its value) so when you sell it a few years down the road you have equity to put into your forever home. We’ve seen that this isn’t always the case though, so you might also consider whether you can turn your starter home into a rental property in the future if it isn’t the right time to sell when you want to move. For starters, check the rents in the area and make sure they would be more than your mortgage payment.
Buying a smaller home that you can’t sell or rent out when you want to move is perhaps the biggest disadvantage of buying a starter home. Doing as much research as possible can help minimize this risk. Other downsides to starter homes include the costs and hassle associated with moving twice and the potential money you’ll spend making improvements to your starter home that you may or may not recoup when you sell.
The forever home
Of course, most of us won’t live in just one or even two homes our entire lives, but a forever home is something that you can see yourself living in for 20 years or more. Perhaps it’s big enough to accommodate a growing family and will be the kind of home that you envision making improvements to not just for resale value but to enjoy yourself over many years.
Here’s the problem: Not many 30-somethings — let alone 20-somethings — can afford their forever home right now. As home prices and debt loans have risen, paychecks barely budged. In our grandparents’ day, one income bought a perfectly respectable home. Today, two professional incomes may not be enough to comfortably afford any home in some of the more expensive U.S. real estate markets.
So you may choose to rent something more reasonably-priced while you save up for a larger down payment on your forever home. The bigger the down payment, the smaller the loan. If you wait to buy, you also save yourself from the chance that you could be stuck with a smaller home in a bad time to sell, unable to move up.
One disadvantage of waiting for your forever home is that something that’s not affordable now may be even less affordable in the future. Sure, you hope to earn more in the next few years, plus you can save a little bit of money every month, but they aren’t making more land. And if you want to see something frightening, just take a look at the projected population growth in your area.
Though real estate is cyclical and will always have its ups and downs, in the long run it may be harder to get that dream home of yours if you don’t get your foot in the real estate door, so to speak.
A middle ground
Consider how much of a price difference there is between your starter home and your forever home. If the difference can be saved up in a year, you may want to consider waiting. But if the difference between your $150,000 starter condo and your $500,000 single-family forever home seems like it would take more than five years, you may want to aim for a middle ground.
You may not be able to afford a huge house in the best neighborhood right now, but what about a fairly large house in an area that’s 15 or 20 minutes further from your work? You could look into a townhouse instead of a single family home, or make a few sacrifices like going for that great home with a smaller yard. Instead of having the all-or-nothing mentality, you may be able to find something that suits your needs for the foreseeable future until you can afford that forever home.
Personally, I’ve chosen the starter home routine. I bought a starter home (which is now a rental property) then three years later bought a “middle ground” home. The home I’m in now will probably suit my family’s needs for around five years. Then I’ll work towards that forever home.
Looking to buy? Use our resources to find the right house — and pay for it the smart way:
- First-time home buying guide
- How much cash you really need to buy a home
- Learn how much house you can afford based on your monthly income
- Find homes and rentals on Zillow
Editor’s note: This article was originally published in March 2013. It has been thoroughly updated for relevance and accuracy before republication.